Prevention

According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), an estimated 1.7 million people each year sustain a traumatic brain injury (TBI). Of these people, males are far more likely to sustain an injury than females, and injuries are most likely to occur in people between the ages of 15 and 19, as well as those who are 65 and older.

Cerebrovascular accidents (CVA), more commonly called stroke, account for a significant number of acquired brain injuries each year. The CDC reports that roughly 795,000 people in the United States have a stroke each year.

Simple actions can help prevent brain injuries.

  • Wear a seatbelt.
  • Wear a helmet while riding a bicycle, skateboard, motorcycle, snowmobile or all-terrain vehicle.
  • Wear appropriate head protection when you bat or run bases, ski, skate, ride a horse, or play a contact sport.
  • Never drive under the influence of alcohol or drugs.

How to avoid falls for the elderly:

  • Install handrails in bathrooms.
  • Place a nonslip mat in the bathroom or tub.
  • Install handrails on both sides of staircases.
  • Remove area rugs.
  • Keep stairs and floors clear of clutter.
  • Stay up-to-date with vision checkups.
  • Exercise regularly.

How to avoid head injuries among children:

  • Install safety gates at the top of stairs.
  • Install child-height handrails on staircases.
  • Keep stairs clear of clutter.
  • Install window guards to prevent falls.
  • Place a nonslip mat in the bathroom or tub.
  • Use playgrounds that have shock-absorbing materials on the ground.
  • Don’t let children play on fire escapes or balconies.

Stroke prevention tips:

  • Monitor high blood pressure.
  • Do not smoke.
  • Control alcohol use.
  • Monitor cholesterol levels and diabetes through proper exercise and diet.
  • Know the signs and symptoms of a stroke and call 911 immediately if any appear.